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From my cousin in NM

She is a new parent, building a new home, at a crazy job.  So, I will take care of what I hope she will post in the future.


Blacks return to the South at a record pace
In a reverse of historic patterns, many see the region as a new land of
opportunity.

By GENARO C. ARMAS
The Associated Press

WASHINGTON A strong economy and vastly improved race relations are luring
record numbers of black Americans to the South.

More than 680,000 blacks age 5 and older moved to the South from another
region between 1995 and 2000, outnumbering the 333,000 who moved away by a
better than 2-to-1 margin, a Census Bureau report released Thursday said.

The report found no other region of the country had an increase in black
migration, a reverse of the trend seen in the first half of the century,
when many blacks left the South for the industrial Northeast and Midwest.

”Many blacks left not only because of economic opportunities but because of
the political and social constraints of segregation,” said Charles Ross,
historian and interim director of the African-American Studies program at
the University of Mississippi. “Those things have changed dramatically in
the South.”

A return of blacks to the South was first documented by the Census Bureau
between 1975 and 1980, when 100,000 more blacks moved in than moved out. The
trend continued between 1985 and 1990, when there was a net increase of
200,000; the net increase was nearly 347,000 between 1995 and 2000.

Blacks who move to the South tend to be more educated than those who never
left the region. Migrants to the South also tend to be slightly older than
those who left the region, indicating some might have returned after leaving
earlier in their lives, the Census Bureau said.

Older blacks who moved to the Northeast or Midwest in the mid- to late 20th
century may be returning to the South to open their own businesses and
connect with family roots, said William Spriggs, executive director of the
National Urban League’s Institute for Opportunity and Equality.

”Most of these African-Americans came from the South,” Spriggs said. “The
politics of the South have changed enough so that these new business
operations can get contracting opportunities.”

Georgia took in the largest number of blacks from other states regardless of
region, with a net increase of nearly 130,000 between 1995 and 2000. It was
followed by North Carolina and Florida. California saw 98,713 blacks move
into the state, while 161,893 moved out.

Reflecting the overall shift in U.S. population, the South was the only
region to see a net increase of migrants from other regions among blacks,
Asians, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites, while the Northeast was the only
region that had a net loss in each category.

The South had a net increase of 1.8 million new residents from other states
between 1995 and 2000, while the Northeast had a net decrease of almost 1.3
million.

Overall, Hispanics were the most mobile group between 1995 and 2000, with 56
percent having changed addresses - whether moving to a new region or within
the same region. About 54 percent of Asians moved, followed by blacks (49
percent) and whites (43 percent).

The report was based on responses to the 2000 census long form distributed
to one in six households.

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Posted by SPN on 11/04 at 12:54 AM in Blogging

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